How to recognize Twitter bots: 7 signals to look out for

Twitter has users. We all like to share our stuff on Twitter. But Twitter also has many many bots. Accounts which follow, try to get you to click on (affiliate) links, or simply just try to get you to follow them for fun.

It’s true if something becomes successful that will attract those that want to get that little bit of extra out of the service. And who can blame them. If we don’t want them there we should either look at those running the service (Twitter) or just ignore them. The problem for many is: how to recognize the bots? Here are a few signals to watch out for.

1. They are telling you they are a bot

I-am-a-botIt’s the most obvious signal if you are following a bot or not, still many people don’t realize it: they are telling you that they are a bot.

Paul Madden, an expert on automation has said it many times at conferences and on our radioshow: people don’t look. You can tell people you’re a bot, they will still follow back. So look out for bio’s which say “Hi, I’m a bot.”…

2. Getting a direct response on your tweet

Everybody is experiencing this now. When you tweet about a specific topic, immediately somebody starts following you and replies you, within mili-seconds. That is too fast, they haven’t been able to read your tweet, let alone the link you put into your tweet and still they are responding immediately. This is a sign that they have automated their tweets to respond to a specific keyword or most probably key phrase. Be aware though: there are many tools out there that let you auto-follow people who talk about a specific topic. Those don’t have to be bots. But if they start responding that fast you know there’s a bot playing around.

3. Huge amount of following, small amount of followers

This is a pretty solid indication that you are dealing with a bot: they are following hundreds of account, while only a few of them are following the bot. And account which follows a 1000 and has 10 followers is likely to being a bot.

4. They tweet the same thing to everybody

bot-same-tweetsYou sometimes get an @-tweet send to you which seems very legit. It has good structure, maybe a nice link in it and the sentence looks as if it really comes from a person. Still, there’s something strange about it, it doesn’t feel right.

When that happens I always check the account first before I click on a link. And nine out of then times that gut feeling was right: it turns out that it’s a bot. And that bot has been tweeting that exact same sentence to many others.

5. The follow/ unfollow game

It’s the oldest trick in the book on Twitter on how to get more followers: the follow / unfollow game. They start following you and if you don’t follow back (or even if you do) they unfollow you within 24 hours. It doesn’t necessarily have to be a bot, but the chances on it actually being one is bigger. I usually wait a day before I decide I will follow back or not (I’m pretty sloppy in that anyway) if I have doubts on whether or not it is an account I can trust.

6. Duplicate profile pictures

Some bots-builders are not that smart. The good ones make a great profile with unique pictures, but there are many out there who just think we are all plain stupid. And in some cases we are. Look out for duplicate profile pictures. So do you recognize a picture? Keep your eyes open. These bots are also usually stupid enough to do bulk-following for multiple accounts. Which means you will see new followers with exactly the same profile picture show up within a few minutes.

7. Coming from an API

Usually people tweet from the web, or mobile, or Tweetdeck. You will see that in your timeline in for example Tweetdeck (they removed that from the web it seems). If it says “from API” there is a pretty solid sign they have at least automated the tweeting and chances are you are dealing with a bot.


Are all bots bad?

So, now we know how to recognize them. But there is another issue. Is it bad to follow a bot? It might be, if it’s a bot that tricks you into buying things you didn’t want in the first place, or if you think you are really dealing with a person. But maybe not always.

Let’s be honest, there are bots out there which are pretty useful. Take for example @hackernewsbot, which is a bot, but a useful one if you like Hacker News. You get the latest updates on that topic. Also bots like @twanswers or @tipr can be useful bots.

There are more bots like that out there, but even the bots which in the end want to sell you stuff can be worth following. After all, if they are putting out interesting content, does it really matter if its a person or not?

Still, whether you want to follow a bot or not, it’s always smart to actually know when it’s a bot. And don’t worry, finding one is easy, plenty to choose from ;). Are you looking for increasing your followers? Be sure to check out Sam’s post on that.

Bas van den Beld

About Bas van den Beld

Bas van den Beld is an award winning Digital Marketing consultant, trainer and speaker. He is the founder of State of Digital and helps companies develop solid marketing strategies.

19 thoughts on “How to recognize Twitter bots: 7 signals to look out for

  1. For me, a few other big signs are:

    1. Low number of lists. (for some reason a lot of spammers don’t seem to have caught onto this).
    2. Odd tweet:follow ratio. (I see this far more often than odd follower/following ratio.).
    3. ‘Quote of the Day Generator’ tweets. (a lot of bots seem to constantly blast out platitudes).


    1. I do not use lists (why would one?) and have a 3000/300 “ratio”….but my account is 100% authentic. Not sure where you are getting your “data”.

  2. Over the last few weeks it seems the bots have been on fire. My Twitter account has received so many fake followers it makes me angry and it takes a lot to make me angry. Thankfully Twitter has caught the majority of them and removed the accounts.

    I do have one note to the Twitter spammers: Not every Twitter user is beautiful. When picking fake pictures, try selecting a few random ugly people to help make your scheme appear a little less unusual.

  3. Agreed – dailybooth however is a goldmine of ideal photo avatars, twinned with crowdflower (mechanical turk) and a proxy based twitter custom posting and following app you can really scale up the bots you have…

    Twitter bots dont have to be offensive dull scripts, they can have lives and interests of their own and they can be just background noise, noise on a topic of our choosing though 🙂

  4. Wow — this is a really helpful post! I’m new to Twitter and didn’t even know about bots. Thanks for helping me avoid being the fool… Can Twitter bots (either if I follow them unknowingly or they follow me) negatively impact my social media image?
    – Erin Larson,

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  6. Um, pardon me, but some of us are just geeks. (Or really nerds, as the case may be.) I follow more than 3,000 accounts but have just 300+ followers, which is fine as I’m not on Twitter for self promotion purposes. I have been followed by a few Russian bots and have noticed my “traffic” go down. Was just wondering if we ‘dangerous liberals’ are somehow being blocked or thwarted in terms of algorithms.

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